Group analytic therapy is a method of working psychoanalytically with groups developed by S. H. Foulkes in the 1940´s.
A group therapy can be once or twice weekly with a duration of 1,5 hours. The members of the group, including the conductor are sitting in a circle and are invited to free associate.
“The individual gains in independence and strength by his experience of
an effective interaction between himself and the group—a two way
process, on many levels. Thus, individuality, which we so
rightly estimate highly, emerges in greater spontaneity in the
group in both patient and therapist alike.” Foulkes, 1963
Group psychotherapy: group relies on verbal communication, the individual member is the object of treatment, the group itself is the main therapeutic agency. ’The group is treated for the sake of its individual members and for no other reason. All psychotherapy is, in the last resort, the treatment of the individual.’
‘Group analytic psychotherapy involves further steps: that the verbal communication is changed into group association – equivalent of free association; that material produced and actions and interactions are analyzed – voiced, interpreted and studied by the group.’ S.H. Foulkes
“The individual, while helplessly compressed into a mere particle of social groups and masses, is at the same time left without any true companionship in regard to his inner mental life. The relative isolation and alienation of the individual is thus a very real problem of our time. Whereas all sickness is liable to
register in this way, mental sickness has a disturbance of integration within the community as its very roots—a disturbance of communication. This modern sickness, so often displayed in deep doubts and fears about integrity and identity …” Foulkes, 1963